Free Legal Advice Philippines

Disclaimer: This web site is designed for general information only and does not create attorney-client relationship. Persons accessing this site are encouraged to seek independent counsel for legal advice regarding their individual legal issues.

Log in

I forgot my password

You are not connected. Please login or register

unpaid debt w

Go down  Message [Page 1 of 1]

1 unpaid debt w on Mon Feb 18, 2013 10:39 pm


Arresto Menor
I made a verbal transaction by lending my friend worth P50k
He promised to pay with interest of 2.5k monthly. He went to abroad and 1 year had passed and still haven`t paid a single centavo. I tried to communicate with him once in a while at first he answers my call but recently he seems to ignore me. I contacted his family and said that he will pay but as of now he have no money yet. It`s been like this whenever I talk to them. How can I let him pay his debt? Can I file a case against him? Thank you in advance and more power.

View user profile

2 Re: unpaid debt w on Mon Feb 18, 2013 10:55 pm


Thanks to former Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno, we now have the Rule of Procedure for Small Claims Cases which allows any individual or business to file a case against someone who owes them money.

Again, as a reminder, to be able to file a case against your debtor under the Rule of Procedure for Small Claims Cases, the money claim should not exceed P100,000, which should already include interests and penalty fees (if there’s any). If the money being claimed is more than that amount, then the plaintiff would have to go to regular court.

Here are the basic steps in filing for a Small Claims Case in the Philippines:

Go to either one of these places to file your case:
First level court of the city where you live
First level court of the city where your debtor (defendant) lives

If the Debtor is an OFW, send a Copy of the Complaint to the POEA or Manning Agency and the Family.

Get a lawyer for this if you are not sure about the POEA and Manning Agency thing.

First level courts are defined as any of the following:
Metropolitan Trial Court
Municipal Trial Courts in Cities
Municipal Trial Court
Municipal Circuit Trial Courts

Go to the Office of the Clerk of Court and fill up the following forms:
Information for Plaintiff
Statement of Claim
Certification of Non-Forum Shopping

As plaintiff, you would also need to accomplish a Verified Statement of Claim which certifies that all information you gave is correct and you have not filed the same case in any other court.

You would also need to provide other important documents that will show sufficient proof that the loan occurred, this can be ANY of the following:

Signed contracts by the defendants

Promissory notes, receipts, bank deposit slips, checks and other “paper trails”

Latest demand letter with proof of delivery and proof of receipt

Affidavits of witnesses

After this, the plaintiff will then have to pay a small amount to file the case. According to a lawyer friend, this is usually around P1,250.00.

What happens next?

Now that all the documents are submitted, and all administrative fees are paid, the court will then assign the case to a judge (through a raffle) and if it’s found that there is merit to the case, the defendants will be given a Summon, Notice of Hearing, Information for the Defendant, Response Form and other documents.

Then, the plaintiff will be informed and will be sent a Notice of Hearing which will state the scheduled date and time of appearance in court.

During the Settlement Discussion, the two parties, with the mediation of the judge, will have the chance to settle the case. If no agreement happens, the case will now move to a court hearing which should occur on the same day.

Lastly, at the hearing, the judge will now make his or her decision regarding the case. The decision is final, non-appealable and immediately executory.

Please be reminded that this advice is based solely on the facts you have narrated and my appreciation of the same. My opinion may vary when other facts are changed or elaborated.
View user profile

3 Re: unpaid debt w on Mon Feb 18, 2013 11:18 pm


Arresto Menor
thanks a lot for your immediate reply. God bless and more power

View user profile

Sponsored content

Back to top  Message [Page 1 of 1]

Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum