PAGMUMURA SA KAPITBAHAY
1 PAGMUMURA SA KAPITBAHAY on Mon Feb 18, 2013 10:40 pm
2 Re: PAGMUMURA SA KAPITBAHAY on Mon Feb 18, 2013 10:48 pm
Two kinds of oral or verbal defamation:
(1) Grave Slander
(2) Simple Slander
A. Factors to consider:
1. The expression used including their sense, grammatical significance and accepted ordinary meaning
2. The personal relations of the accused and the offended party, as when both are bitter enemies
3. The special circumstances of the case and its antecedents, such as the time, place and occasion of the utterances, persons present
4. The social standing and position of the offended party
B. Words uttered in the heat of anger or in a quarrel, with some provocation on the part of the victim, is simple slander.
> The victim may not have heard the words, it is enough that a third person heard them.
> Words uttered in one occasion and place and directed at several persons not mentioned individually constitute only one offense.
> Words used as expletives (to express anger, displeasure, are not defamatory)
Please be reminded that this advice is based solely on the facts you have narrated and my appreciation of the same. My opinion may vary when other facts are changed or elaborated.
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