I am confused.
Under the justifying circumstances, Article 11, Par. 6 of the RPC states, "Any person who acts in obedience to an order issued by a superior for some lawful purpose." In his explanation, Luis B. Reyes mentioned, "The subordinate is not liable for carrying out an illegal order of his superior, if he is not aware of the illegality of the order and he is not negligent."
Meanwhile in Article 3 of the Civil Code, it states, "Ignorance of the law excuses no one from compliance therewith."
1. What are the differences between the unawareness of the illegality (Art. 11, Par. 6 of the RPC) and ignorance of the law (Art. 3 of the Civil Code)?
2. Do you have a case that held the justification of the individual's act with regards to Article 11, Par. 6 of the RPC? If yes, I would really like to know. Please.
Your response is truly appreciated.