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Extrajudicial Settlement of Estate, nagbago ang isip

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dymphna


Arresto Menor
Ask ko lang po ang ganitong scenario:

Nagkasundo ang magkakapatid through ESE kung paano i-distribute ang property ng ina (widow).

1 sa eldest - illegitimate
1 sa 2nd - legitimate
1 pinaghatian ni 3rd (legitimate) & bunso (illegitimate)

Hindi pantay-pantay ang FMV (base sa BIR) ng mga ito. Pinakamaliit kay eldest, so ni-request niya na tumbasan na lang ng ibang kapatid sa amount na P1M additional, in 2 yrs installment.

Pumayag naman ang lahat. Pinirmahan ang ESE. Na-publish. Wala namang utang. Nabayaran ang taxes at nai-transfer na sa kani-kanilang names. Nagkaroon ng separate document para sa kasunduang P1M installment na pipirmahan tuwing makakahulog ang magkakapatid.

After 2 months na nakakahulog na, si 2nd naisipan niyang ibenta ang property niya sa halagang P3M at nagkaroon siya ng buyer.

Nang malaman ito ni eldest, nag-demand ito ng additional na pera. Hindi na pumayag ang ibang kapatid.

Si eldest ngayon ay nananakot at gustong magsampa ng kaso para mapa-annul ang ESE dahil hindi daw niya nakuha ang legitime niya. Sasabihin daw sa korte na pineke ng magkakapatid ang pirma nya at sapilitang pinapirma doon, kung hindi masusunod ang gusto niya.


Questions:
1. Ang hatian sa ESE po ba ay naaayon para rin ba dapat sa itinakdang legitime ng batas? Or sa kahit anong paraan ng hatian (location/size/monetary or sentimental value) na gugustuhin ng mga tagapagmana?

2. May patutunguhan po ba ang kasong gusto niyang isampa?

Salamat po sa mga sasagot. Pasensya na masyadong mahaba.

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tsi ming choi


Reclusion Perpetua
1. Dapat mo naaayon sa law on succession particularly on provisions of intestate succession kasi nga walang will. And accordingly, maliit po ang share ng illegitimate kaysa legitimate children. Hinde po pantay yun. So in case na i-insist ng eldest brother ang "additional" and hinde nya nakuha ang legitime nya, just tell him na liliit po yung makukuha nya.

2. I think walang patutunguhan yan kasi estopped na yung eldest brother sa ESE. He then later cannot deny what have been agreed in ESE, in fact, pumirma na sya without any vices of consent. However, granting na ilalaban nya talaga due to that reasons, nasa kanya po yung burden of proving the same.

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dymphna


Arresto Menor
Thank you tsi ming choi sa iyong reply.

The siblings will seek lawyer's legal advice na rin para maghanda sa possible case.

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Ladie


Prision Mayor
Regarding legitime share, the following is quoted from "Article 176 of Family Code Executive Order 209: Illegitimate children shall use the surname and shall be under the parental authority of their mother, and shall be entitled to support in conformity with this Code. However, illegitimate children may use the surname of their father if their filiation has been expressly recognized by the father through the record of birth appearing in the civil register, or when an admission in a public document or private handwritten instrument is made by the father. Provided, the father has the right to institute an action before the regular courts to prove non-filiation during his lifetime. The legitime of each illegitimate child shall consist of one-half of the legitime of a legitimate child."

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