Disclaimer: Don't trust me, I'm not a lawyer. I'm
just a struggling student.
Read 1381-82 Civil Code. These are examples of RCs.
Example, under 1381 "those entered into by guardians etc etc"
In a contract of Sale, the guardian sold the property of his ward, the original price is 10million, for only 2million. In this case, the ward suffered a loss of more than 1/4 of the value of the property
a. One of the parties is incapable of giving consent to a contract
e.g. Contract of sale = the other contracting party is either a minor, insane or demented, deaf and mute who can't write (enumerated under Art 1327)
b. Vitiated Consent
e.g. A was compelled to sell all his properties because of the violence employed by B
1403 (1): Those entered into in the name of another person by one who has been given no authority or legal representation, or who has acted beyond his powers (UNAUTHORIZED CONTRACTS)
Eg: A owns a parcel of land. B sold it to C in the name of A, but he was not authorized by A.
1403 (2) : Does not comply with the Statute of Frauds
Eg. A agrees to sell his house to B if B will marry C. (must appear in writing to be enforceable unless ratified by Q)
Void or inexistent contract
Contracts which are absolutely simulated or fictitious
A contract of sale, where the price, which appears thereon as to be paid, has in fact, never been paid. ( Catindig vs Heirs of Catalina Roque)